The Ridiculously Resilient Ridge continues into 2014; California drought intensifies

Filed in Uncategorized by on January 11, 2014 835 Comments

Recent Weather Summary

Extraordinarily dry conditions have persisted over the entire state of California since early December. In fact, nearly the only measurable precipitation that fell during the past 30-40 days occurred today, when a rapidly decaying cold front brought light to locally moderate rainfall (and snowfall in the high Sierra) to the far northern part of the state. In normally very wet locations along the North Coast, half an inch or so of precipitation fell, but totals were almost categorically under a tenth of an inch elsewhere and didn’t even tip the buckets from the Sacramento/San Francisco area southward. Needless to say: today’s minimal precipitation made no measurable dent in the ongoing extreme drought and was not even enough to settle the dust in most places.

Folsom Lake on January 4th, 2014. Photo credit: Adam Flint.

Folsom Lake on January 4th, 2014. Photo credit: Adam Flint .   

 

The Ridiculously Resilient Ridge remains resolutely recalcitrant

As hard as it is for seasoned California weather-watchers to believe, our friend the RRR remains in firmly in place, and has actually intensified somewhat in recent weeks. I’ve previously discussed how the truly remarkable aspect of this event is the incredible persistence of the observed geopotential height ridging over the northeastern Pacific Ocean rather than their absolute intensity. Blocking ridges and persistent high surface pressure centers are actually a fairly common feature of the climate over the North Pacific region in winter, and it’s well understood that these blocking events are often associated with periods of dry and stable weather along the West Coast of North America, including California. For this reason, Californians are not at all unaccustomed to mid-winter dry spells lasting 2-3 weeks, even in the heart of the rainy season.

The RRR during calendar year 2013. (NOAA/ESRL)

The RRR during calendar year 2013. (NOAA/ESRL)

But the RRR has behaved in a manner not typical of most North Pacific ridging events. Since December 2012, large geopotential height anomalies have been observed in approximately the same region of the North Pacific. While the spatial structure of the ridge itself has varied somewhat over that interval (and even broken down in a couple of instances), the RRR keeps re-building itself in essentially the same place each time an atmospheric event–such as a surge of low-latitude westerly winds with the potential to “undercut” the ridge or an invasion of a cold/high potential vorticity Arctic airmass with the potential to disrupt the anticyclonic circulation–might otherwise act to displace or collapse it. This resilience is extremely unusual, and (as mentioned in a previous post) I don’t find evidence that persistent North Pacific ridging of this magnitude spanning two consecutive winter seasons has occurred previously in the observational record. The plots below clearly show that the RRR was present during the both the previous (2012-2013) water year and the present (2013-2014) one, and even persisted in some form during the intervening late spring through early fall 2013 period, which corresponds with California’s dry season. Note that the scale for the most recent plot goes much higher than the previous two: the RRR has strengthened substantially since the start of winter.

winter_12-13dry_season_2013winter_13-14

Above: Geopotential height anomalies for winter 2012-2013 (left), spring/summer/fall 2013 (center), and winter 2013-2014 (right). (NOAA/ESRL)

 

Just how bad is the current drought situation in California?

Not only was 2013 the driest calendar year on record in California, but in some places 2013 eclipsed previous record minimum precipitation values by around 50%. Nearly the entire state is currently experiencing dryness that hasn’t been experienced in living memory, and across the most populated parts of California the ongoing drought is more severe than any previous event in well over a century. We are currently supposed to be at

ca_cl

2013 was the driest year on record for most of California. (WRCC/DRI)

the peak of the rainy season in California, and each day that passes without meaningful precipitation is another day when our long-term deficits grow measurably larger. The first annual Sierra snow survey on January 7th brought no surprises: snow water equivalent on that date was only 20% of normal overall, and considerably less than that in the north where much of the reservoir capacity resides. Over the past few days, negative snow anomalies have continued to increase, and preliminary data suggest that (as of 1-10-2014) Sierra snow water equivalent may be at its lowest level ever recorded for the date. This suggests that the dryness of the 2013-2014 water year so far is similar to (or worse than) that experienced during the 1976-1977 water season. This assertion is also supported by looking at the Northern Sierra 8-Station Index, which is considered a representative metric of precipitation across this hydrologically critical region. Considering the extreme dryness of the second half of water year 2012-2013, it’s no wonder that that 2013 smashed so many all-time low precipitation records in California.

Sierra snow water equivalent as of 1-10-2013. (CA Dept. of Water Resources).

Sierra snow water equivalent as of 1-10-2013. (CA Dept. of Water Resources).

Reservoir levels in California have been falling rapidly since summer 2013, but these extremely low water levels are finally making headlines as some water districts are already facing difficult choices and the potential for severe water usage restrictions. Folsom Lake has become something of an icon of the ongoing drought in California as its water level has dropped precipitously to one of its lowest levels in history (see photograph near the top of the post, courtesy of Adam Flint), imminently threatening the water supply for suburban Sacramento. Numerous other smaller water districts, from the Central Coast up through Mendocino County, are facing or will soon face similar conditions. A wider water crisis is still a little way down the road, but if California does not receive widespread and very substantial precipitation over the next two months, many communities (especially in the northern and central parts of the state) stand to face water shortages of a magnitude not seen in the modern era. 

The forecast: cautious optimism fades

When I initially drafted this post a couple of days ago, I was fairly optimistic that there would be at least some reason to express modest optimism regarding the hope for a transition to a wetter weather pattern over California by the end of January. For the third or fourth time this season, the numerical forecast models suggested the potential for a strong Pacific jet stream to undercut and/or dislodge the RRR over the northeastern Pacific, opening the door to strong zonal flow that would likely bring stronger, moister storm systems more typical of winter to most or all of California. The persistence of the ongoing ridging has not been especially well handled by the flagship medium-range models, however, and there has been a tendency in the models to break down the pattern in the long-range forecast when in reality no such thing ends up occurring. Unfortunately, this appears to be the case once again: over the past 24 hours or so, the GFS and

gfs_npac_126_300_wnd_ht_s

The GFS projects that the RRR will amplify dramatically this week. (NOAA/NCEP)

ECMWF have come into increasing agreement that ridging will rebuild and further amplify over the next 7-10 days, with the most recent GFS ensembles suggesting persistence clear through the end of January. While there does appear to be a more active zonal jet developing over the Pacific, its orientation does not appear to be extremely favorable to either undercut the RRR or significantly dislodge it, and may actually be contributing to the extreme amplification of the ridge expected to occur next week. Current numerical model solutions indicate that the jet stream will make a huge latitudinal excursion all the way from the subtropical Pacific to above the Arctic Circle by the middle of this week, bringing very warm and continued dry conditions to California. Dangerous fire weather conditions are expected across most of Southern California due to the warm temperatures and offshore flow associated with this event, and there will probably be an elevated risk of extremely rare winter wildfires in the northern part of the state, as well.

In short, there’s no relief in sight for at least the next 7-10 days, and very possibly longer than that. Stay tuned.

© 2014 WEATHER WEST

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  • Steve

    If this drought gets out of hand, it will be interesting to see what Google and Apple do about their headquarters in San Jose area. They have enough dough in the bank to build a pipeline form Canada.

    • maestra545

      Instead of tar sands oil in the Keystone XL pipeline, why not Canadian water?

      • Steve

        Sounds like a plan!

  • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

    Believe it or not, there may be a slight risk for dry lightning in NorCal on Friday, in addition to strong winds and very dry conditions. You know, along with the risk of dust storms south of Fresno. In January.

    • alanstorm

      I have a feeling the smoke situation will get out of hand. Probably by spring, we will have several major fires burning at once, probably out of control for weeks at a time. What happens to all the smoke during an historic RRR? It gets trapped in the lower levels. One dry lightning event could set it all off.(see 2008)

  • http://www.yamanoor.com/ Yamanoor Srihari

    So, even with the rain predictions in the GFS now in the 10-11 day window (around 02-02), should we still assume it is simply wrong and nothing will materialize?

    • WeatherBro

      The GFS is probably just kicking around the idea as it has been in earlier model simulations. I would wait about 5 more days and if the GFS models are still showing the same scenario there is a possibility. Its always kind of nice when you see the models showing this in the climate lab but confidence always remains very low when the outlook is out of the 7 day window.

      • http://www.yamanoor.com/ Yamanoor Srihari

        Thank you. I am learning so much!!

  • Coldspot

    Red flag conditions for northern cal and southern Oregon for tomorrow and Friday. Flipping crazy!!!

  • Coldspot

    Amazing aerial photos of bare mount Shasta .

  • lightning10

    Since its not raining I have a question. What is the hardest burst of rain you have ever seen in your area? There are 4-5 days that come to mind here in Whittier that I remember. One time in particular that made me real mad that I missed was back in November 2004. It was a little before lunch and I was in high school. Of course I was in one of them stupid portable classes that had only one Window. I remember it only rained for about 40 seconds but it was the loudest I remember hearing rain without hail (I am sure it have to have been melted hail it was convective in nature). Mind you a high school of 2000+ people. As soon as I got to the Window it had slowed down but the halls where full of people who ran outside to see the rain. It looked like a war zone as a gust of wind kicked up with it as well. A few large branches fell.

    I do not remember the exact day but I remember asking people and several people told me it was the hardest they had ever seen it rain. The fact that I didn’t see it at its peak sucked.

  • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

    GFS and ECMWF ensembles once again indicate only relatively low chances for light precipitation during the first week of February, with the next 7-10 days staying completely dry.

  • polarbytes

    I have been reading all your musings with much interest since I live in AK where it is summer! Our WS has been cautiously hinting at the ridge migrating to the west by next weekend bringing our ongoing wet fire hose to an end. They still forecast above normal temps, but a drying scenario, which would seem to indicate that storms should be sliding down the east side of the ridge into CA.
    Just a FYI, here on the Kenai, we have only had 2 days in Jan, of below normal temps and almost 20″ of rain. A 3-ft snowpack is now at 6″! Freezing levels are 6-8000′, almost unheard of in Jan.! I have lived here since 81 and although I do not have hard data at my fingertips, the last 10-15 yrs, it seems that these huge variations during the winter are a regular occurrence. And summers are much warmer and drier. Except for a few years, recent winters are dry from mid Jan into the summer. Don’t know that I want to extrapolate much from this as I don’t have the expertise, but I do know up here, at least, things have changed.

    • Desmond

      Thanks for the share very interesting how this event is affecting different parts of the USA. I had visitor from Boston and he was commenting on how much snow they are getting. He said they are getting the light fluffy snow which is very rare out there. Usually they have a lot of water content in the snow. Something happened with our planet and this could be the norm moving forward like the Earth’s axis shifting or something like that

    • Loyal Brooks

      Hey, we have added an Alaskan who can tell us what it happening on the ground NOW up there along the S coast. I was in Seward in late August, and it rained almost everyday (except for one and not continuously) when I was in that area for 11 days.

      Kenai Fnords NP posted a pic about 2 weeks ago showing how much melting the rain has done to the Exit Glacier area, and also said (and showed) the snowpack was down to 6″ at the snout of the glacier. In January.

      Exit Glacier retreated 130.5 feet between October 1, 2012 and September 31, 2013. This retreat has been going on for decades. For anyone who doubts global warming – regardless of cause, it effects are very obvious if you ever go there!

      If you are inclined to do so, your “feet on the ground” accounts would be helpful here, as the unusual warm waters in the Gulf – the negative phase of the PDO – is considered the prime suspect (among others factors). What happens in S coastal Alaska is very related, though in a different way, to the west coast in general, perhaps especially CA. Many thanks!!

      Here is a pic I took after hiking up to view the source area. Exit Glacier begins here, (at around 3.200 feet) and continues down the narrow valley for perhaps 2 miles.

    • Loyal Brooks

      Hey, we have added an Alaskan who can tell us what is happening on the ground NOW up there along the southern AK coast. I was in Seward in late August, and it rained almost everyday (except for one, and not continuously) when I was there.

      Kenai Fjords NP posted a pic about 2 weeks ago showing how much melting the rain has done to the Exit Glacier area, and also said (and showed) the snowpack was down to 6″ at the snout of the glacier (this in January).

      Exit Glacier retreated 130.5 feet between October 1, 2012 and September 31, 2013. This retreat has been going on for decades. For anyone who doubts global warming – regardless of cause – its effects are very obvious if you ever go there!

      If you are inclined to do so, polarbytes, your “feet on the ground” accounts would be helpful here, as the unusual warm waters in the Gulf – the negative phase of the PDO – is considered the prime suspect (among others factors) of the exceptional drought in CA. What happens in S coastal Alaska is very related, though in different ways, to the west coast in general, perhaps especially CA. Many thanks!!

      Here is a pic I took 5 months ago after hiking up to view the source area. Exit Glacier begins here, (at around 3.200 feet) and continues down the narrow valley for perhaps 2 miles.

      • Loyal Brooks

        And here’s the pic I took. I wouldn’t load a moment ago….

  • kevin

    I thought that this in the climate section of the Medford NWS discussion sums up our current situation well:

    .TO DEMONSTRATE HOW DRY THE FALL AND WINTER MONTHS
    HAVE BEEN SO FAR…ALL MAJOR CLIMATE SITES IN SOUTHERN OREGON AND
    NORTHERN CALIFORNIA HAVE RECEIVED LESS THAN HALF OF THEIR NORMAL
    PRECIPITATION SINCE SEP 1…WITH MOUNT SHASTA CITY ONLY RECORDING
    14 PERCENT OF NORMAL.

    MOST OF US WANT TO KNOW WHY SUCH DRY AND QUIET WEATHER HAS
    AFFECTED SOUTHERN OREGON AND NORTHERN CALIFORNIA FOR MUCH OF THE
    FALL AND WINTER. WE WISH WE HAD A SIMPLE, DEFINITIVE ANSWER, BUT
    WE DON`T. IN SHORT, IT IS UNCLEAR WHY THE HIGH PRESSURE PATTERN
    ACROSS THE NORTHEAST PACIFIC OCEAN HAS BEEN SO STRONG AND
    PERSISTENT. IT HAS NOT CORRELATED WELL WITH THE COMMON MODES OF
    CLIMATE VARIABILITY LIKE THE ARCTIC OSCILLATION (AO) OR EL NINO
    SOUTHERN OSCILLATION (ENSO). IT MAY HAVE SOME CONNECTION TO THE
    EAST PACIFIC-NORTH PACIFIC PATTERN, A LESS COMMONLY USED MODE OF
    CLIMATE VARIABILITY, BUT THIS IS SPECULATION AT THIS POINT.
    ADDITIONALLY, NATURAL VARIABILITY OFTEN PLAYS A ROLE IN UNUSUAL
    PATTERNS LIKE THIS. FINALLY, CLIMATE CHANGE COULD BE A FACTOR IN
    THIS STUBBORN WEATHER PATTERN BUT THESE EXTREMELY DRY CONDITIONS
    AREN`T EXACTLY WHAT`S EXPECTED IN THE FUTURE PER CLIMATE MODELS.
    THE ATMOSPHERE IS AN EXTREMELY COMPLEX SYSTEM, AND AT THIS TIME WE
    CAN`T ATTRIBUTE THIS PERSISTENT PATTERN TO ONE CAUSE. THERE WILL
    LIKELY BE STUDIES TO DETERMINE IF ANYTHING WAS/IS PREDICTABLE WITH
    THIS SEEMINGLY NONSTOP RIDGE…AND HOPEFULLY THIS CAN LEAD TO A
    BETTER UNDERSTANDING.

    FOR THOSE WONDERING WHEN THIS PATTERN WILL COME TO AN END…AGAIN
    UNFORTUNATELY THERE ARE NO DEFINITIVE ANSWERS. MODEL SOLUTIONS FOR
    LATE JANUARY THROUGH EARLY FEBRUARY ARE VACILLATING BETWEEN DRY
    AND WET MORE THAN WE`D LIKE AT THIS POINT. THAT SAID…MODELS ARE
    MORE FAVORABLE THAN THEY`VE BEEN IN MANY WEEKS FOR AT LEAST A
    PERIOD OF NORMAL PRECIPITATION…IF NOT ABOVE NORMAL. CONFIDENCE
    IS LOW ON A RELATIVELY NORMAL PRECIPITATION PATTERN BEGINNING LATE
    JANUARY OR EARLY FEBRUARY. KEEP AN EYE ON CLIMATE PREDICTION
    CENTER 8-14 DAY OUTLOOKS FOR THE LATEST NEWS ON THE POTENTIAL FOR
    NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION BRINGING US OUT OF THIS VERY
    DRY WEATHER PATTERN

    • Sequoia

      Red flag warnings from southern Oregon to Yosemite

      http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/wrh/whv/?wfo=sto

      • Dan the Weatherman

        There are Red Flag Warnings in effect for inland areas of Socal such as the Inland Empire, San Bernardino and Riverside County mountains and the Santa Ana Mountains region of Orange County. There is even a Wind Advisory for the Inland Empire and the Santa Ana Mountains, but no wind is forecast for Orange County coastal areas. I really believe that my area (part of the Orange County coastal areas) will see some Santa Ana wind late tonight or tomorrow, since I live fairly close to the Santa Ana Mountain foothill areas in an area that is wind-prone.

    • Loyal Brooks

      Yes, Medford NWS has excellent discussions, especially long term, when they don’t have immediate issues to deal with, (i.e. flooding). For those who are interested, I recommend taking a look at their discussions. They even go into the MJO and enhanced convection near the dateline, etc.and things of that nature out in the western Pacific.

      When deep storms seem to be making it through to the CA coast, the Reno office kicks in. They go into the dynamics involved with the approaching system, often in greater detail than CA offices do. Not always, but it happens enough for me to mention it here. Both of these offices serve areas that are also affected by this RRR.

      • Dan the Weatherman

        After hearing about the Medford WFO discussions on here a couple of days ago, I am starting to read them on a regular basis and saw the excerpt posted above on last night’s AFD and found that quite interesting.

    • craig matthews

      That’s a very good summery. Thanks. Nice to see someone mention the East Pacific, North Pacific Pattern, which plays a very important role in the extension of the jet stream across the north pacific basin.

  • Dogwood

    3 hours of a single rain event in September and 4 hours of a single rain event in November has accounted for 90% of this ’13/14 season’s entire precipitation in San Jose from July 1 to date.
    That’s a tad mind blowing.

    • http://www.yamanoor.com/ Yamanoor Srihari

      That depends on where in San Jose you are. It is a large enough city that this can skew things. We live smack in the middle of downtown, and we had small rains either late December or early January. The one in September was good enough, I didn’t have to water for about 2 days after.

      • Loyal Brooks

        Bay Area topography is significant enough to reveal large differences in what a particular storm may bring, even on the scale of within a city’s limits. This variation includes precipitation, temperature, winds, humidity, as well as other weather elements.

  • donnak10

    My mother lives in Hawaii. Surf is up big time and I guess ours in a few days will be too. Maybe this will move that beast of a ridge.

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  • mycoholic

    I feel like I must be missing something. The GFS, ECMWF, UK and Ensemble projections I’m seeing on http://ggweather.com/loops/ncep_loops.htm all still seem to be point to a substantial weakening of the RRR around Feb 1 and those models that produce precip estimates are showing rainfall starting around Feb 1 and continuing on for some time from there. This has been the going forecast for about a week now and so I imagined that we should have growing confidence that it’s finally coming… and yet, the NWS text forecast for the bay area, their 8-14 day outlook for California, and the more knowledgeable folks here all seem to be saying that we shouldn’t expect any pattern change or rainfall through the first week of Feb at least. Would someone mind explaining what it is that I’m missing?

    • WeatherBro

      Confidence is still very low for the possibility of precipitation, Undermining the ridge to the south is an upper level low impacting southern California, therefore rebounding the ridge in its strength. Anything out of the 5-7 day window is generally low in confidence until we reach that window.

    • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

      The models have performed extremely poorly over the past 3 months, on a number of occasions depicting a weakening/breakdown of the RRR that does not subsequently occur. Therefore, I remain very skeptical. There does appear to be an increasing chance of a shift in the ridge axis that may allow some colder systems to sneak in from the north, which would bring a noticeable change to colder and more unsettled conditions but likely not much precipitation. Stay tuned…I will have a new post either tomorrow night or Saturday discussing the medium range prospects for precipitation.

      • Dan the Weatherman

        I will say one thing is that dry spells during the middle of winter usually max out around 6 weeks. The last measurable rainfall here in Socal was back on December 19, and 6 weeks from that date is January 30. The pattern change being advertised for the beginning of February sounds about right that would end a 6 week dry spell, although I am aware that some areas have gone on longer without measurable rain due to the unusual persistence of the pattern.

        • A.M.

          The jet stream has split. These are our new patterns.

  • donnak10

    UC Berkeley Professor: California Dry Spell May Be Worst Since 1500s
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    92

    A mud-covered boat is seen in a dried lake bed. (Ethan Miller/Getty Images)

    BERKELEY (KPIX 5) – In California, 2013 was a record-setting year because of the lack of rainfall. A professor at UC Berkeley warns this time could go into the record books as the driest in centuries.

    “Some people have said that this could be the start of a several decade-long dry spell,” Lynn Ingram, professor of paleoclimatology told KPIX 5. Ingram examines history to help forecast the future.

    Dried up creek beds along with golden hills that look like its August instead of January could become our typical landscape, if history repeats itself.

    Ingram is the author of the book “The West without Water.” She looked back 10 to 20 thousand years and came to the conclusion that we live in a dry climate.

    “It’s important to understand our climate history and know when were the droughts, and then we also had years of extreme floods,” Ingram said.

    A study about tree rings led her to predict that we could be in for the driest winter in 500 years. Narrow tree rings indicate little or no water for growth, just like people saw in the 1500s.

    “They put on rings every single year. So you can actually be able to detect one year of drought,” Ingram said.

    Another indication, but not as precise, are sediment cores that can span a few thousand years and point to the saltiness of San Francisco Bay.

    More fresh water, and the salinity drops. What they are seeing is at least something on par with what happened here in the dry years of 1976 and 1977, and this could be the norm for quite some time.

    “That was like the year with no rain,” Ingram said. “We could be on track for heading into a drier sort of period.”

    The Bay Area was built up during the 20th century, we may be forced to adapt to a drier 21st century.

    Some droughts, like one in the Middle Ages, lasted more than a century. Ingram is not predicting that, she said that’s like predicting earthquakes. Still, Ingram called this time of dry conditions anxiety provoking.

    Ingram said we should use this information to rethink how we use, save, and recycle our water.

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  • craig matthews

    Area between Paso Robles and I-5 Lost Hills is completely bare in some areas. Combo of overgrazing and no rain. This particular area was bare dirt in February 1991, and a huge dust storm developed and moved over I-5 causing a deadly car pile up. The cause of that dust storm was a dry start to winter 1990-91 after 5 consecutive winters of below average rainfall in the later 1980′s. Then a deep low that developed off the central coast in late February 1991, spun up a strong dry southerly flow picking up a lot of dust in the Diablo Range, and dispersed it over the west side of the central valley. This set up may occur again if we get a deep low off the central coast of California and no rain precedes it to keep the dust down. Also I’ve noticed that a lot of the hills around my area that are being cattle grazed are down to bare dirt. This could be a set up for an unusual dust storm in California if the weather pattern sets up just right. Hopefully when this RRR breaks the first storm will have more nice soaking rain and not to much wind.

    • Loyal Brooks

      Hey, Craig Matthews is back! I remember that particular dust storm and the deadly car pile-up. I have thought that this winter is just the one for a repeat performance.New grasses grew sparsely last winter down there and became desiccated early in the summer. Now, there has been almost no precipitation (to speak of) in that area – again – and therefore no new grass (yet). The set up for a calamity is certainly possible, and perhaps more areas may be included b/c of what grass was there has been eaten by wildlife – or cattle – all the way down to the dirt.

      It is a difficult truth that CA exists right on the edge, with little room for lower-than-average precip, let alone historic droughts, such as this one. The thinking about how water is stored and used MUST be seriously reworked. There are too many people and too many permanent farms to successfully survive such deep droughts. When this last happened, CA had a much smaller population, and there was considerably less farmland in production. CA’s water system was designed and built in the 50s and 60s. There was a spurt of more dam building in the early 80s, but this is now in the past.

      BTW, far too much water goes to agriculture. Cities use comparatively very:little.http://www.environment.ucla.edu/media/images/water-fig1-lrg.jpg

      • craig matthews

        I’m very surprised there isn’t more water rationing going on across the state considering how much demand there is for water, and how little water there is left in the reservoirs.

        • Sequoia

          LA made up for huge losses in Owens Valley water in the 76-77 drought by taking out a lot more water out of the Colorado River, but that’s not possible this go round, and the population has just about doubled since then.

          So where will the water come from for the City of Angles?

          1976

          Owens Valley: 467,000 acre feet

          Local Groundwater: 102,000 acre feet

          Colorado River: 37,000 acre feet

          1977

          Owens Valley: 200,000 acre feet

          Local Groundwater: 142,000 acre feet

          Colorado River: 234,000 acre feet

          http://www.gao.gov/assets/130/120157.pdf

  • craig matthews

    This weak low that is currently traversing the state from east to west looks like it might produce some high base thunderstorms over the sierra and north coast range later today{1-23}. And a southerly surge of marine layer is moving north up the big sur coast. Wow, sure looks like a summer pattern on the vis satellite

    • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

      Definitely some high-based convection over the Sierras/foothills right now. Not sure if there’s any lightning, but there’s definitely little/no rain. Absolutely wild for late January in California!!

      • Sequoia

        Here in the Sierra foothills, you’d almost think it was gonna rain, but it’s just a psych out with full cloud cover. Lightning doesn’t seem like a possibility either.

        • Jason Gillespie

          My wife just calling in from Sonora states that there were a *very* few tiny raindrops, but also that the air is smoky and smells like forest fire.

          • Sequoia

            Been practicing on my rain dance here in the shower, with excellent results, but when I take it outdoors, Mother Nature just laughs at me.

          • Jason Gillespie

            Amended – it’s a permissive burn day in Sonora. And a Red Flag Day. /boggle

          • donnak10

            My husband phoned in from Ponderosa Lane across from fairgrounds to say he got a drop of rain. Rain? What’s that. I never thought I’d find myself missing the tourists and skiers that snow brings to our county.

          • donnak10

            I have yet to see it this year. But everyone I’ve spoke with says that Yosemite looks bad. Not only from lack of moisture but the remains from the Rim Fire have compounded the reality. Stumps are still smoldering.

          • Sequoia

            Here near Sequoia NP, the soda fire has grown to almost 1,000 acres @ 7,000 feet, where there ought to be 4 feet of snow on the ground in an average year.

            That ain’t right…

      • snow755

        Had a few rain drops today YAY

        • http://www.yamanoor.com/ Yamanoor Srihari

          Where at?

          • snow755

            Sonora ca at stanered park had a few drops of rain

      • Bartshe

        in the middle of this in Mono County–widely scattered snow flurries near Tioga Pass and around the Mono Basin.

        • http://www.yamanoor.com/ Yamanoor Srihari

          Yay, that is something. It is widely believed that something is better than nothing!

        • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

          It’s amazing that snow flurries at 10,000 feet in January is news, but such is the state of things.

      • http://www.yamanoor.com/ Yamanoor Srihari

        One of the GFS models on Twister Data, the 00 UTC Fri run shows a small amount of rain around 1-29. No further data is available. The San Jose one for the same timeline does not concur. Should we make anything of this?

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  • Cliff Collipriest

    The pattern has shifted a bit here on the Central Coast. There was fog in Santa Maria this morning, the first we have had in weeks. This afternoon the marine layer started to build in before 4:00PM. Temps are much cooler than yesterday. From what I am reading here this change will not last long.

  • craig matthews

    Marine layer now spilling over the 2000 ft level on big sur coast. Quit a strong south wind as well. This small low is definitely doing something. But is seams like its under the thumb of the RRR, not vice versa like we want.

  • lightning10

    Like I have mentioned before model data is rather poor with storms coming in from the south. That is something to keep an eye on cause that could spell for a few surprises. I am starting to wonder if this weak low might be able to generate a little something for So Cal if that moisture works up fast enough.

  • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

    There appears to be an increasing chance of some light rainfall in California beginning around the 1st of February, but unfortunately there’s still no indication of substantial rainfall on the horizon. Still, light precip is better than absolute zero. I’ll have a new blog post on Saturday discussing the ongoing drought and prospects for at least a little rain as we head into February.

  • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

    For those looking ahead to NEXT winter, there are increasing signs that things could get interesting:

    • Rahul Choudhary

      How does one read this one in English?

      Is it the same model repeated with different initial conditions or some different models? feels funnier than the super model’s warm forecast of nor-cal wet for four days, 384hrs out (now who deleted that one? ;)

    • Scott Turner

      For those of us who are complete meteorological neophytes and are doing our damnedest to keep up and learn on the fly, could you give a brief explanation of what the above chart indicates? Otherwise, I will probably assume that next winter will bring a lot of frayed wires to the state.

      • Loyal Brooks

        The graph above is about the sea surface temperature of the equatorial Pacific that often shows the first and most significant signs of either and El Nino or a La Nina. If we get a strong El Nino, CA is likely to have a wet year.

        Notice the dates along the bottom of the graph. Left of Jan 2014, is a single line, which represents what has already happened, because it has been measured and determined to be so. Notice, the line wavered near 0, which means there wasn’t much of an El Nino or La Nina – called “neutral conditions.”.

        Now, you see many lines heading forward into the future, with most of them showing a trend for a significant El Nino. There are so many lines into the future because there are so many different computer models trying to forecast it. Different models use slightly different methods of computation (which is why they produce different results), However, when the model outputs begin to show more and more of the same direction (in this case El Nino), it become more likely to happen.

        The dashed black line heading into the future suggests that a significant El Nino may be on the way (look at the dates along the bottom). That dashed line comes from combining all of the different models together and averaging them out (called “ensemble”). Ensembles of computer model outputs usually represent the best forecast, because it takes into account other possibilities.

        I know this is very generalized, but this is the idea of the graph. And, no, they do not forecast frayed wires next year, but I can see how one might think that if they don’t know what the lines represent! Hope this helps!

        • Scott Turner

          Fantastic explanation. Thank you!

          If there’s one positive from the RRR, it’s that I (and hopefully lots of other people too) am finally learning something about California weather.

          An El Nino year would be wonderful.

        • eric

          thank you. crystal clear

        • Kamau40

          That is correct! I interpret the graphs the same way. Very well explained. Let’s hope the trends continue in the strong El Nino direction.

    • eric

      the graph doesn’t make a whole lotta sense. Do the lines mean we will get tons of rain etc? Personally i would love el nino. Great for surfing

    • Kamau40

      Dan,

      I have also been noticing that there are continued increasing signs of a moderate to even a strong El Nino possible heading into next year’s rainy season. I do believe things will get interesting in the months ahead based on the model trends above.

      • Dan the Weatherman

        Are you addressing me or Weather West (we are both named Daniel)?

        • Kamau40

          Dan the Weatherman. Hopefully I got the right Dan!

          • Dan the Weatherman

            If an El Nino develops at the magnitude depicted by the forecast ensemble mean (dashed black line), that should be sufficient enough to give us a good shot of a wet winter. Let’s hope this happens next year because we desperately need it!

    • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

      Yes–this is the CFS model projection for sea surface temperature anomalies in the tropical Eastern Pacific, which are suggestive of a significant El Nino event beginning later in the summer. That’s still a ways out, but we’re starting to enter the predictability window on this, so I might discuss a bit in the Saturday post.

      • craig matthews

        It looks like there has been an explosion of convective activity around the equator west of the dateline in the last week. And a shift in pressure gradient from the indian ocean to the western pacific along the equator. This could reverse the easterly anomaly of the trade winds around the date line, and a strong kelvin wave may develop as well. But this is speculation. This could be the beginnings of el nino, , but sometimes these things just fall apart.

      • Kamau40

        Definitely, I will be looking forward to you post tomorrow because we are indeed starting to enter into that window of predictability for the new up coming El Nino event. Although we must remember that it will not have much impact on this year’s extreme drought pattern.

    • willb

      I am interested in this recent article in Nature. I am curious if any of you have read it and if you think it has merit.

      http://www.nature.com/news/climate-change-the-case-of-the-missing-heat-1.14525

      Are we currently in a neg phase of the PDO and does the forecast for a big el nino portent a change to a pos phase? If so we my see some accelerated warming in the climate….but I am out of my league here.

      • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

        It will definitely be interesting to watch the response of global mean temperatures to the next big El Nino event (which, if the CFS is correct, could occur within the year).

  • redlands

    Redlands, Ca Rain Stats –
    July 2013 0.26 10%
    Aug 2013 0.30 11%
    Sep 2013 0.00 0%
    Oct 2013 0.61 22%
    Nov 2013 1.27 47%
    Dec 2013 0.26 10%
    Jan 2014 0.00 0%
    —————————————-
    2.70 of rain as of Jan-23 – 2014
    Pretty bad when July and August get more rain than January !!!

  • Rahul Choudhary

    what is the likelihood of a seamount in the gulf of alaska gone active last year?

    wondering about this hypothesis, large steady lava flow->warm water->higher pressure area than usual-> -ve PDO~weak trade winds that are blocked easily

    the fukushima quake had shifted the crust by a metre+, it may have created large vent in the seabed in GoA over time like stretch marks

    http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/ exploring here too

    • Dr Tskoul

      Seismometers would have picked it up

      • Rahul Choudhary

        maybe they were just a few small ones in an active zone. thing is with a thin crusts near the seabed, the rocks might just be hot over a wide area

        other wise, what is the regular reason for warm water in GoA? the usual upwelling is about cold nutrient rich water surfacing near coasts, which seems to be what the -ve PDO is about related the the california current of cool water

        • Dr Tskoul

          Heat balance does not help you. You need massive amounts to heat up the pacific water column over an area larger than the state of Texas. Also the Argo floats would have picked up a inverse temperature profile. Hot bottom cooler top. Theory is inconsistent with observations.

          • Rahul Choudhary

            Thanks doc; so, it’s a cold air mass that always forms there, but it’s been at standstill for longer than usual and we are yet to figure out what’s blocking it

            (hypothesising is just a quicker learning trick for me; making sense of longitudinal circulation now)

          • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

            It is difficult to convey how much energy is required to change the temperature of a large water mass. That’s why El Nino events have such a big impact: even a 1-2 deg C anomaly in ocean temperatures represents a truly massive amount of extra energy.

  • David

    I feel for you all on the west coast.I spent the majority of my life living in So.Cal in Ventura county and I’ve been following the weather closely out west since I moved to North Carolina 7 years ago. I know this much is true that the frequency of dry years is increasing for what reason I have no ideal other than weather patterns goes through extended cycles. I follow the weather discussions daily from the nws office here in Raleigh and the RRR out west is causing one huge east coast trough bringing arctic outbreaks to the Carolinas they haven’t recorded in nearly 70 years. We had nearly 55 inches of rain for the 2013 calender year for Raleigh which isn’t too much above normal as rain is distributed pretty evenly through out the year if I could I would love to wave a magic wand and give half that to California. A little fyi even the NWS in Raleigh has described the California drought uncharted territories. Hope you get some rain Cali.

  • Loyal Brooks

    Many people assume that this year, all of N America is experiencing bizarre weather, much more so than in previous years. I am not so sure this assumption is true. While CA has never before seen this level of dryness, other regions in the country experienced extremes inthe 1930s that still stand today.

    In the 1930s, most of the US went through exceptional swings in precip and temperature. Many plains states saw both all-time record high and low temperatures in that decade and even in the same year (1936), that still stand today – for example, N. Dakota’s all-time low was -60F on Feb 15 1936. While the all-time high was 121F that same year on July 6. (Many cities also set records, both high and low in 1936, such as Minneapolis. On Feb 16 1936, it reached -34F while later that year it reached 108F on Jul 14). All totalled, 22 states (plus DC) have their all-time highs set in the ’30s; 9 states, likewise, record lows. These are current and published online at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._state_temperature_extremes

    Droughts appeared on the south-central plains (and elsewhere) that had never been seen before and have not been seen since. Record wettest and driest years in each state are much more difficult to find, but I have a source that was published (The USA Today Weather Almanac, 1994), that lists all states record wettest and driest years, but I cannot find current information online. Because it is from 1994, some of these records will since have been broken, but 18 states recorded their driest year in the 1930s. However, only 2 state recorded their wettest year in that decade. 1935 and 1935 were particularly wild years for weather in the US.

    • craig matthews

      If you type in “History of California floods and drought” by Historic Society of Southern California, you get a lot of info on what was going on in the 1800′s even before they started collecting data. There were some very bad droughts in the early 1800s where the grass didn’t sprout until March and the cattle industry was almost completely wiped out in this state.

    • Ranjit

      Here’s a bit more of the doom-and-gloom scenario. I guess it’s safer for pundits to go all worst-case on us since over-pessimism is more easily forgotten when happier times return. I’ll raise a glass to the upcoming El Niño!

      • http://www.yamanoor.com/ Yamanoor Srihari

        I think pessimism is also easy to get viewers, clicks and such. It also helps for people to rationalize ignorance of factual pessimistic projections as general lunacy.

  • lightning10

    The 12z has a bit of bizarre weather for No and So Cal. It is showing a little vorticity that moves in on Monday. I would take it that it would be rather convective coming in at that angle. Later on it also shows a massive low pressure system over the area but with limited moisture.

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  • rainscout

    Seems the Medford Ore. NWS is still offering a ray of hope for some pattern change by the end of next week..at least for Ore. and maybe far Nothern Ca. Should we buy into this because the CPC says with enhanced convection in the western Pacific.it will act to reinforce the Eastern Pacific ridge..any hope is good but is this just another Pipe dream by the Computer models..probably even the computers can’t believe it has been this dry and warm for this long on the west coast..At this point I would take one good Front..just to say that it still can rain at all…

    • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

      My current best guess is that NorCal will see some mostly light rain/snow in the day 6-9 period, but it may not even be enough to generate actual runoff. After that, things really don’t look too promising for significant precipitation, though given the uncertainty even in the short term this could certainly change. Much more tomorrow!

  • Dan the Weatherman

    Tonight’s San Francisco and San Diego NWS AFDs are starting to offer more hope of a pattern change toward the end of the month:

    San Francisco:

    ALTHOUGH DETAILS AND TIMING VARY…MORE EXTENDED OUTPUT FROM BOTH THE NEW 00Z DETERMINISTIC GFS AND LATEST AVAILABLE ECMWF (12Z) REMAIN BROADLY CONSISTENT WITH RECENT PRIOR RUNS OF EACH IN INDICATING THE LONG PREVALENT WEST COAST UPPER LEVEL RIDGE WILL FINALLY FLATTEN AND SHIFT INLAND BEGINNING AROUND THE MIDDLE OF THE WEEK. AND BOTH MODELS BRING APPRECIABLE QPF INTO OUR DISTRICT BY THE END OF NEXT WEEK…THE GFS STARTING RAINFALL IN OUR MORE NORTHERN AREAS AS EARLY AS THURSDAY AND THE ECMWF ON FRIDAY. JUST RECEIVED NEW 00Z GFS MOS 12-HR POPS OUT THROUGH SATURDAY FEB 01 MAX
    OUT AT 44% AT BOTH KSTS AND KSFO…AND BOTH IN THE THURS EVENING TIME FRAME. SO ALTHOUGH FAR FROM CERTAIN…BELIEVE WE`RE LOOKING AT OUR FIRST APPRECIABLE POSSIBILITY OF PRECIP IN QUITE A WHILE…RIGHT AROUND THE END OF THE MONTH.

    San Diego:

    THE LONG RANGE PROGS SHOW A SERIES OF PACIFIC TROUGHS MOVING INTO THE WEST COAST. THIS PATTERN CHANGE WILL BRING COOLER WEATHER TO THE REGION…AND IS A PATTERN FAVORABLE FOR BETTER CHANCES OF MUCH NEEDED PRECIPITATION OVER THE WEST LATE NEXT WEEK OR NEXT WEEKEND.

    If this comes to fruition, then it will be right at the end of the 6 week dry spell here in Socal (last measurable rain being December 19). I have noticed that the maximum length of winter dry spells is usually 6 weeks in most years.

    • Ben

      Funny you mention lengths of dry spells. We’re approaching nearly 8 weeks w/out rain here in the bay area, and I remember how your last measurable rain brought nothing here in NorCal but dropped some heavy showers in LA. It was a cut-off low. Parts of Northern CA have far exceeded the record dry spell ranks (one such place being Sacramento, and I think San Francisco too, if you count the trace of rain we had two weeks ago as “breaking a dry spell”). This is truly remarkable stuff.

  • sc100

    Another insane weather record set by the RRR. Sacramento yesterday had its warmest January day ever, hitting 79 degrees, beating the previous record by a whopping 5 degrees. That was set during the 1976 drought.

  • sc100

    While it’s still in fantasyland range, it’s interesting to see how the 06z GFS shows a major arctic outbreak over the West starting around day 10, with the 510-line getting near Sacramento! I think this is definitely the coldest model run I’ve ever seen for Norcal. It does appear likely that the flow will turn colder starting next week but probably not much precip coming with it.

    • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

      Reminiscent of what happened in 1989 and 1976, and there was at least one extreme cold/low snow event in each of those years.

      • craig matthews

        Is this winter more reminiscent of 1975-76 then 1976-77? It seams like I keep hearing January 1976 mentioned several times when it comes to both breaking records and also being used in CPC’s extended outlooks. I remember being in the east bay area and seeing snow in Danville that winter.

      • sc100

        It seems like the models tend to pick up on these arctic outbreaks pretty early, so right now I’m inclined to believe it will happen to some extent. Should be an interesting next couple days as we see the runs come in. There are a lot of parallels to 1976, with the record warmth happening right before the outbreak and it also occurring in a big drought year.

  • polarbytes

    Loyal, Thanks for your kind words. I am happy to give you all a first-hand account if it will mean you get much needed moisture. We had overnight rain and warm temps again last night, it seeems this is a neverending scenario. Here is a link to get a good perspective of our weather and a glimpse at why your dry conditions are happening:

    https://www.facebook.com/US.NationalWeatherService.Alaska.gove

    Here’s hoping next weeks AK’s NWS discussion comes true
    since there are forecasting a split in the high which dries us out and increases chances for a eastern flow from the Pacific into your area.

    • Loyal Brooks

      Thanks! We are happy to get reports from what is happening in various locations in along the west coast – like fires, winds, heat, personal weather records, even pics, how the forests trees are doing – anything anyone is willing to provide. This is important for people like me who do not live in CA (I used to).

      I am experiencing weather on the E flank of this ridge – from the Upper Midwest. A serious cold front will be pulling upper-level air from central AK and steering over us. Blizzard conditions will set in tomorrow night, with a temp of around -20. On Monday, it will be difficult to get up to -10, and drop back down to -25 or so. All this with the winds whipping snow around. But what I have to share doesn’t matter so much, because I am so far E of what is affecting CA. You, however, are also near the Pacific, and your input is highly valued. You are getting storm systems that would otherwise have CA’s name on them.

      You are in a better position than me to report what is happening along the west coast on the northern flank of this RRR. I believe the link you provided is broken, so here is one from the Anchorage forecast discussions, where they also mention promising signs of a breakdown of the ridge in the extended forecast. http://pafc.arh.noaa.gov/pubfcst.php?fcst=FXAK68PAFC

      • craig matthews

        Seeing the polar vortex drop so close to the great lakes area is amazing. Its nice to hear reports from you on whats going on in your location. Its going to be interesting watching what happens in your area the next couple of days.

        • Todd A Mulligan

          In the last few weeks I have learned so much about weather and climate. It has been needed by people like me who don’t understand what all the graphs and charts mean. I appreciate all of those people who make this more understandable.

        • Loyal Brooks

          Appears I am not welcome to encourage people to come here. (Using social media and personal contacts, I’ve gotten around 35 to check here – most of them are ranchers or work the land – and they are afraid of what this drought means for them). It seems to be best I don’t help explain anything to anyone. A few friends have asked me why my comment is so “out of line” above today. I must defer them to what it looks like for their own answer.

          • Todd A Mulligan

            What did you say that needs moderation review?

          • Loyal Brooks

            Todd, nothing. This is Dan’s project and Dan’s blog. I believe it may have been inappropriate for me to participate in explaining things with such frequency. Dan shouldn’t have to deal with anyone who comes onto his site and adds too much material..

            I probably would feel the same, if the tables were turned. I used to teach this material at Penn State years ago to students who did NOT want to be there. It was a breadth requirement for Business majors, so that is where I have had such practice in translating complex meteorological concepts into plain English (in order to keep them from bailing from my class). Yes, some is lost in the translation, but most walked away understanding things they didn’t know before.

          • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

            I have no idea why that comment was flagged–another Disqus issue, I guess. I actually don’t even know what was in that comment. I’ll investigate…

          • http://weatherwest.com Daniel Swain

            Also, for the record, it’s actually quite useful to have someone else addressing some of the numerous questions on here before I get the chance. :)

          • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

            Should be back up. Again, I have no idea why that happened in the first place. You are more than welcome to bring new people to the blog!

          • Loyal Brooks

            Thanks. But what I’d said to Todd below, I believe, is on target. While I do have some extra time to field some of these questions right now – I really will back off. It reminds me of the “old days” of grad school and what I had to deal with back then. I actually enjoyed it!

  • lightning10

    Todays runs are showing extreme cold and a lot less rain in the long range.

    • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

      Yes–starting to look like our only real precip chances through mid-Feb may be late this week, when a smallish system sneaks in over the weakening ridge and brings some light to moderate precip on Friday. Several of the GFS/ECMWF members show exceptional (dry) cold in the long run, and the majority show some sort of dry and cold scenario. More later!

      • Kamau40

        Looks like Jan will finish out with more very dry records, even with the small system coming in on Fri, and that of course if it even makes it to the state. Absolutely incredible!!!

      • snow755

        18z is wetter with snow down 1500 to 2000ft

      • Azmordean

        Is this bay area specific? From what I’ve read elsewhere there are apparently multiple storm chances for the Sierra .

  • craig matthews

    Looks like another repeat performance with the RRR retrograding far enough to the west in the 6-10 day period to cause potentially another repeat of early Decembers cold/dry weather with a few light showers at best. Once again its just another case where we’ll be watching carefully whether or not that system in the 6-10 day period will be an inside slider or will have enough over water trajectory to bring some light showers and low snow level. It seams as though some invisible line between Mount Shasta and Santa Barbara has been drawn where just about every low that has come through the state has passed north to south right over the same place so far this winter. These type of lows actually bring more precip to southern California where some moisture is drawn up through the channel islands and inland from Ventura area south to northern Baja. I’ve counted about 4 lows that have taken this path since November. I hope that the latest model runs are wrong about this idea. Still lots of uncertainty beyond day 6 and anything can happen beyond day 10.

  • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

    New post in the works. Will be posted later this evening…

  • Utrex

    18z is just lovely. Precipitation values in 5-6 days!!!
    http://i.imgur.com/VlXaxuo.png

  • Betty KC

    So what does this reforcast map mean?

    • Utrex

      Precipitation according to precipitation analogs. It reads data right now and again determines the amount of precipitation. Although California is under really high precipitation amounts, the ridge we’re dealing with is unlike we’ve ever seen in modern history.

    • Scott Turner

      If this model is suggesting that we will get between 4-7 inches of rain between 2/1 and 2/8, and it comes true, I will name my firstborn Deterministic Precipitation.

    • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

      This means very little. This is not a forecast, and we will not be getting anywhere near that amount of rain. Actually I’m not really sure why this is offered as a product at all…

  • Thunderstorm

    The MJO is out of the Indian Ocean, maybe all the way to the date line. Already influencing our weather, tilting the high. Storm surf.com keeps a watchful eye on the Pacific Ocean. Wonder what action weather out of Britian thinks is going on. Large Kelvin wave in the Pacific will diminish any strong storms.

  • http://www.weatherwest.com/ Weather West

    New post is up!

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  • Jason Daniel Farhang

    Hi there i’m a meteorologist Owner Of Climate 101 With Jason . information you have posted is very informative not some parts are very wrong. There is good news some rain is on the way.

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  • Matilda Morgan

    Hello every one out here….
    My name is Mandy laira am from USA. i want to use this opportunity to thank my great spell caster who really made my life a pleasurable one today. This great man DR.Dr.omon brought my husband back to me, i had three lovely kids for my husband, about four years ago i and my husband has been into one quarrel or the other until he finally left me for one lady. i felt my life was over and my kids thought they would never see their father again. i tried to be strong just for the kids but i could not control the pains that torments my heart, my heart was filled with sorrows and pains because i was really in love with my husband. Every day and night i think of him and always wish he would come back to me, until one day i met a good friend of mine that was also in a situation like me but her problem was her ex-boyfriend who she had an unwanted pregnancy for and he refused to take responsibility and dumped her. she told me that mine was a small case and that i should not worry about it at all, so i asked her what was the solution to my problems and she gave me this great man email address. i was doubting if this man was the solution, so i contacted this great man and he told me what to do and i deed them all, he told me to wait for just two day and that my husband will come crawling on his kneels just for forgiveness so i faithfully deed what this great man asked me to do and for sure after two days i heard a knock on the door, in a great surprise i saw him on his kneels and i was speechless, when he saw me, all he did was crying and asking me for forgiveness, from that day, all the pains and sorrows in my heart flew away,since then i and my husband and our lovely kids are happy.that’s why i want to say a big thank you to Dr.omonualovespelltemple@hotmail.com. This great man made me to understand that there is no problem on earth that has no solution so please if you know that you have this same problem or any problem that is similar, i will advise you to come straight to this great man. you can email him at: omonualovespelltemple@hotmail.com

  • Matilda Morgan

    My name is Lorna Harron, and I base in USA…My life is back!!! After 2 years of Broken marriage, my husband left me with two kids .I felt like my life was about to end i almost committed suicide, i was emotionally down for a very long time. Thanks to a spell caster called Dr Favour, which i met online. On one faithful day, as I was browsing through the internet,I came across allot of testimonies about this particular spell caster. Some people testified that he brought their Ex lover back, some testified that he restores womb,cure cancer,and other sickness, some testified that he can cast a spell to stop divorce and so on. i also come across one particular testimony,it was about a woman called Sonia,she testified about how he brought back her Ex lover in less than 2 days, and at the end of her testimony she dropped Dr Favour, e-mail address. After reading all these,I decided to give it a try. I contacted him via email and explained my problem to him. In just 48hours, my husband came back to me. We solved our issues, and we are even happier than before Dr Favour, is really a gifted man and i will not stop publishing him because he is a wonderful man… If you have a problem and you are looking for a real and genuine spell caster to solve all your problems for you. Try High favourlovespelltemple@gmail.com anytime, he might be the answer to your problems. Here’s his contact: favourlovespelltemple@gmail.com

  • Matilda Morgan

    Hello I am Brittney Lisa ,I am out here to spread this good news to the entire world on how I got my ex husband back.I was going crazy when my husband left me and my two kids for another woman last month, But when i met a friend that introduced me to Dr iayaryi the great messenger to the oracle of Dr iayaryi solution home,I narrated my problem to Dr iayaryi about how my ex Husband left me and my two kids and also how i needed to get a job in a very big company.He only said to me that i have come to the right place were i will be getting my heart desire without any side effect.He told me what i need to do,After it was been done,24 hours later,My Ex Husband called me on the phone and was saying sorry for living me and the kids before now and one week after my Husband called me to be pleading for forgiveness,I was called for interview in a very big company here in USA were i needed to work as the managing director..I am so happy and overwhelmed that i have to tell this to the entire world to contact Dr iayaryi on his personal email address and get all your problems solve..No problem is too big for him to solve..Contact him direct on: (driayaryi2012@hotmail.com)and get your problems solved like me….. ONCE AGAIN HIS EMAIL ADDRESS IS: (driayaryi2012@hotmail.com)

  • Matilda Morgan

    Hi everyone, I’m Ramos. I’ve been really depress and been in so much pains after my wife left me. Life can be very displeasing especially when i try every way possible to get her back and all i got is been scammed by this fake Spiritual Spell Casters. I love my woman so much that i will do anything to get her back. I’ve search for spell caster who is for real because I’ve really tried a lot of spell caster but not until i saw Prophet Lord, solutionoflovespelltemple@gmail.com I’m new on this spell stuff but after talking and chatting with Prophet Lord then i realize he is the man i can completely trust. I know there are many of you out there who are in the same problem too and also looking for a real spell caster that can give wealth and bring back your love once.. Prophet Lord spell is real and within 24 hours of his spell my whole story got turn around and things started to be as before. Now our relationship is stronger than ever. I have no words to thank him enough. I like to recommend him to anyone who is facing hard times with your love life to contact Prophet Lord, solutionoflovespelltemple@gmail.com

  • Joyce Patrick

    I want to thank Dr. Ekpiku for getting my lover back to me within 48 hours. When my lover left me i was so tired and frustrated till i search the internet for help and i saw so many good talk about Dr Ekpiku of Ekpikuspelltemple@live.com and i decided to give him a try and i contact him and explain my problems to him and he cast a love spell for me which i use to get my husband back.If you want to get your lover back contact Dr. Ekpiku via email: Ekpikuspelltemple@live.com Dr. Ekpiku the great man that is able to bring back lost love